混凝土受拉本构对结构动力时程分析结果的影响[The effects of the concrete tensile constitutive on structural dynamic time hisotry analysis]

为对比小震情况下混凝土抗拉刚度对结构分析的影响,测试三种本构对结构分析的影响:(1)不考虑受拉本构;(2)真实考虑受拉的影响;(3)受拉本构按弹性考虑。以下测试中,所有模型使用的单元类型均一致,均采用纤维梁柱模型,变化的只是受拉部分的本构。通过这两个小例子可以定性说明:(1)一般情况,忽略混凝土的受拉本构,对结构的整体响应分析结果影响不大(虽然这个测试的是小震)。(2)即便结构基本处于弹性(应变小于钢筋和混凝土的屈曲应变),混凝土的受拉区按弹性考虑时的结构整体响应分析结果可能和真实考虑混凝土受拉时的分析结果相差很大。因此反过来也可以说,平时在一般结构分析软件中,采用弹性单元进行小震动力弹性时程分析获得的结构整体响应可能和真实响应相差很大。from 崔济东,崔济东的博客,www.jdcui.com, CJD, JidongCui

[书]PERFORM-3D原理与实例 – 第3章 – 钢筋与混凝土材料的单轴本构关系

材料非线性问题是建筑结构非线性分析中经常涉及到的问题,计算中采用的材料本构模型是否合理,直接影响弹塑性分析结果的精度,进而影响建筑结构的抗震性能评估结果。本章首先对几种典型的钢筋与混凝土材料的单轴本构进行介绍,在此基础上对PERFORM-3D [1,2]中单轴本构的处理进行介绍,并结合PERFORM-3D的规则给出常用钢筋与混凝土材料的单轴本构定义方法。Material nonlinearity problems are very common in nonlinear structural analysis. Whether the nonlinear material model used in numerical calculation is reasonable directly influence the reliability of elastoplastic analysis results, which will further affect the seismic performance evaluation of structures. In this chapter, several typical uniaxial constitutive models of steel and concrete was first introduced. On this basis, uniaxial steel and concrete constitutive models in PERFORM-3D were explained in detail. The contents cover detailed explanation of the ‘YULRX’ backbone and the Hysteresis loops in PERFORM-3D. After that, uniaxial constitutive model properties for several commonly used steel and concrete materials were defined based on the rules of PERFORM-3D.

OpenSees Concrete04 Material Test

Concrete04受压部分的包络线采用Popovics (1973) 提出的单调荷载下的应力—应变关系,并根据Karsan-Jirsa加卸载准则确定其加卸载刚度(线性);受拉部分的包络线由线性上升段和指数下降段组成,其加卸载与再加载刚度取其与原点的割线刚度。(Concrete is a uniaxial Popovics concrete material object with degraded linear unloading/reloading stiffness according to the work of Karsan-Jirsa and tensile strength with exponential decay.)